Climate change is now widely recognised as one of the greatest challenges facing national and regional governments and the impacts of climate change are already being felt – particularly in developing countries such as Kenya.
The Kenyan government has recognised the threat posed by climate change to the achievement of Kenya’s development goals as stated in Kenya’s Vision 2030, and is committed to protect the climate for present and future generations.
To demonstrate this commitment, Kenya has ratified the Kyoto Protocol and has been supporting the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). As part of this support, the country must periodically provide information about how it is implementing the Convention, reporting progress made and highlighting any issues.
This National Communication isn’t just a reporting requirement, it also provides valuable information for policy decisions while guiding the provision of financial resources to support implementation.
Kenya prepared its first National Communication in 2002 and has contracted ClimateCare to lead the preparation of the Second National Communication Report in 2015, in readiness for the Climate Summit in Paris in December 2015.
ClimateCare led a national consultation process involving all government ministries and sectors of the economy, collecting, analysing and collating information on:
- Kenya’s national circumstances
- Its current and projected greenhouse gas inventory
- Programmes and measures to mitigate climate change
- Its vulnerability and plans for adaption to climate change
- Research and education on climate change
This information was pulled into a coherent Second Communication report that provides an overview of Kenya’s climate change status and issues to key stakeholders at local, national and international levels.
The report shows that Kenya’s emissions will continue to increase if the country develops without implementing low carbon development projects. It also shows how various interventions will help reverse this emission trend as we approach 2030.
As well as a status report, the Second Communication includes recommendations about potential areas for further action and is a solid foundation from which the government can carry out further work on scientific and policy issues. It also shows the expected vulnerability to climate change in different parts of the country and the necessary adaption interventions to eliminate or reduce the impact of climate change.
Its publication will alert policy makers to the need to mainstream climate issues into the national policy and legal framework. It will also highlight the need for stronger efforts to spread awareness amongst stakeholders and decision makers.
Finally it provides a basis from which the Kenyan government and the international community can plan policies and interventions for climate change mitigation and adaptation to drive funding decisions.